King David gives modern Christians a glimpse of true worship and true faith in Psalm 19. Christ came in the fullness of time to redeem us from the curse of the law. We must individually take hold of the promises and covenants that God made to mankind through Abraham, Moses, David, and Jesus Christ. Psalm 19 shows us how.
Take Psalm 19 to heart and allow these words to speak to you.
FTH and astronomy / science
The Fullness of time Hypothesis suggests that God transformed the world between the fall of Jerusalem in 586 BC and the birth of Jesus Christ in 4 BC in order for this gospel to be proclaimed and received by individual people. The rise of classical Greek and Roman civilization provided the foundation for individualism, independent thinking, widespread travel and communication of ideas. Before the fall of Jerusalem, the ancient world was composed of empires ruled arbitrarily by despotic kings and pharaohs. Religion was local and communication of ideas was almost non existent.
With the conquests of Alexander the Great, Hellenism was propagated throughout the conquered peoples and Greek language and humanistic ideas became common. Greek science, philosophy, and political ideas were spread to the ends of the Roman empire.
Science, Mathematics, Medicine, Philosophy were adopted from classical Greek accomplishments. This is where Greek Idolatry tries to confuse Christians with their explanations and power in science. Once I recognized the Greek Idolatry, I was able to separate belief in science as an avenue to the truth from the usefulness of scientific models for interacting with the fallen world.
We needed the individualism derived from Greek civilization to be able to personally take hold of faith in Jesus Christ. But we must be absolutely certain that our faith in science is not accepted wholesale as an idolatry. David gives another explanation of what we now know as science in Psalm 19 verses 1-6.
For the director of music. A psalm of David.
1 The heavens declare the glory of God;
the skies proclaim the work of his hands.
2 Day after day they pour forth speech;
night after night they reveal knowledge.
3 They have no speech, they use no words;
no sound is heard from them.
4 Yet their voice goes out into all the earth,
their words to the ends of the world.
In the heavens God has pitched a tent for the sun.
5 It is like a bridegroom coming out of his chamber,
like a champion rejoicing to run his course.
6 It rises at one end of the heavens
and makes its circuit to the other;
nothing is deprived of its warmth.
The purpose of the law
The Mosaic Covenant provided for collective rewards and punishments according to the Law. Rarely did Moses promote individual faith in God or individual reward for obedience to the Law. In fact, if the King was sinful, the nation of Israel was punished. In the divided Kingdom, Israel went into captivity about 720 BC
II Kings 15 NIV
27 In the fifty-second year of Azariah king of Judah, Pekah son of Remaliah became king of Israel in Samaria, and he reigned twenty years. 28 He did evil in the eyes of the Lord. He did not turn away from the sins of Jeroboam son of Nebat, which he had caused Israel to commit.
The legalistic interpretation of the Law in Nehemiah represents a reaction to the punishments and diaspora of the Jewish people and their effort to make God have favor with them again. They missed the whole point of the law and tried to get back the Mosaic covenant despite its brokenness as described in Jeremiah 11.
When used to promote obedience and faith in Jesus Christ, we find the law to be more gentle and individual. God wants us to obey him from the heart. If we only fear breaking the law, our efforts will be useless. Many New Testament verses describe how the Law cannot make us perfect. It can only train us as children and show us what pleases God. Many preachers try to use the law to prevent people from sinning. But unless we are truly transformed by the Holy Spirit, our efforts to obey the Law will only lead to frustration. In Psalm 19, David loves the law and tells us how to love God and obey the Law in this loving.
7 The law of the Lord is perfect,
refreshing the soul.
The statutes of the Lord are trustworthy,
making wise the simple.
8 The precepts of the Lord are right,
giving joy to the heart.
The commands of the Lord are radiant,
giving light to the eyes.
9 The fear of the Lord is pure,
The decrees of the Lord are firm,
and all of them are righteous.
10 They are more precious than gold,
than much pure gold;
they are sweeter than honey,
than honey from the honeycomb.
11 By them your servant is warned;
in keeping them there is great reward.
Jesus avoids all controversy with the Pharisees and Sadducees about the law with this, the greatest commandment.
Matthew 22:35-40 New International Version
35 One of them, an expert in the law, tested him with this question: 36 “Teacher, which is the greatest commandment in the Law?”
37 Jesus replied: “‘Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind.’ 38 This is the first and greatest commandment. 39 And the second is like it: ‘Love your neighbor as yourself.’ 40 All the Law and the Prophets hang on these two commandments.”
FTH and forgiveness
Forgiveness for our sins is the essential prerequisite for our right relationship with God. In the Old Covenant, ritualistic sacrifices were made to demonstrate that forgiveness for sin was not without cost. But the writer of Hebrews clearly states that the blood of goats and bulls cannot provide forgiveness.
Hebrews 10 KJV
1 For the law having a shadow of good things to come, and not the very image of the things, can never with those sacrifices which they offered year by year continually make the comers thereunto perfect.
2 For then would they not have ceased to be offered? because that the worshippers once purged should have had no more conscience of sins.
. . .
14 For by one offering he hath perfected for ever them that are sanctified.
15 Whereof the Holy Ghost also is a witness to us: for after that he had said before,
16 This is the covenant that I will make with them after those days, saith the Lord, I will put my laws into their hearts, and in their minds will I write them;
17 And their sins and iniquities will I remember no more.
18 Now where remission of these is, there is no more offering for sin.
David foreshadows this great sacrifice of Jesus Christ for our forgiveness in Psalm 19. He does not mention any particular infraction of the Law. He prays for forgiveness for hidden faults. He then prays that his willful sins will not rule over him. The goal of this forgiveness and power over sin is to please God in words and truth.
12 But who can discern their own errors?
Forgive my hidden faults.
13 Keep your servant also from willful sins;
may they not rule over me.
Then I will be blameless,
innocent of great transgression.
14 May these words of my mouth and this meditation of my heart
be pleasing in your sight,
Lord, my Rock and my Redeemer.
Jesus Christ has called you and me to pray this Psalm 19. He wants us to love him and accept his sacrifice on the cross personally. He wants us to listen to his voice in his Word and in our hearts. The fullness of time is now. The call is now. Accept His invitation.