Fate and Chance are the dominant controllers of a godless universe. The Fullness of Time Hypothesis (FTH) identifies the transition period (586 BC to 323 BC) after which the gods were nothing more than ideas and mythical figures for Hellenistic philosophy. Today many scientists believe the universe began by accident (The Big Bang Theory) (chance). They also believe the universe will inexorably end at a certain time in the future by either crashing together (The Big Crunch) or fizzling out (The Big Whimper) (fate).
Classical Greek philosophers established ways of thinking and doing that eliminated belief in and adherence to their gods (or any god). Protagoras of Abdera (c. 490 – c.420 BCE) is quoted often, “Man is the measure of all things.” This means that we elevate ourselves above the gods and has the effect of improving the rights and privileges of each individual and gives us opportunities for personal growth and development. It also denies the Creator God and substitutes two (or more) other Greek gods in his place — Fate (destiny, fatalism) and Chance (randomness or luck).
Hellenistic idolatry is a new kind of idolatry where the worship of statues and other objects has been replaced by faith in and trust of impersonal godless natural forces. The modern world has expanded this concept through out our civilization so everyone understands the impersonal nature of fate and luck.
Jonah was a prophet of God who lived in the Ancient World (760 BC) and disobeyed God Yahweh by taking a ship from Tarshish to avoid going to Nineveh.When the storm arose, the sailors cast lots to see whose God was angry. Originally dice were used to determine the will of the gods.
Jonah 1:7-9 New International Version (NIV)
7 Then the sailors said to each other, “Come, let us cast lots to find out who is responsible for this calamity.” They cast lots and the lot fell on Jonah. 8 So they asked him, “Tell us, who is responsible for making all this trouble for us? What kind of work do you do? Where do you come from? What is your country? From what people are you?”
9 He answered, “I am a Hebrew and I worship the Lord, the God of heaven, who made the sea and the dry land.”
In Hellenistic culture, chance or luck (indeterminism) represents the extreme uncertain future that is capricious and that individual natural events are without intent or purpose (that events are not caused). This can be illustrated by the way the cloak of Jesus Christ was given to a certain soldier by their casting lots for it.
Matthew 27:35 King James Version (KJV)
35 And they crucified him, and parted his garments, casting lots: that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, They parted my garments among them, and upon my vesture did they cast lots.
Chance is the impersonal universal force that is impartial and cares not for anyone or anything. Therefore it seems only a fair way to let someone benefit over the others.
The three fates are a collection of deities called Moirai from Greek mythology. They collectively identified the future of each individual by life span, luck in life, and the inexorable future the individual could not change. We find much of this belief system in Astrology and religion today.
Fate or determinism represents an extreme inexorable future that is without opportunity for human intervention (denies free will). Science believes in determinism of large objects like celestial bodies and chance (randomness) of very small ones. Science usually also uses chance to collect and process data (statistics) and fate (determinism) to draw their conclusions.
Joshua made the sun stand still during the battle against the Amorites (1405 BC). Science interprets this as a solar eclipse, but I believe the laws of physics are subject to God’s Almighty power and so I interpret this celestial event literally.
Joshua 10:12-13 New International Version (NIV)
12 On the day the Lord gave the Amorites over to Israel, Joshua said to the Lord in the presence of Israel:
“Sun, stand still over Gibeon,
and you, moon, over the Valley of Aijalon.”
13 So the sun stood still,
and the moon stopped,
till the nation avenged itself on its enemies,
as it is written in the Book of Jashar.
The sun stopped in the middle of the sky and delayed going down about a full day.
Predestination is a doctrine that the individual was chosen by God before he was born to become a Christian and that he is predestined (fate) to go to heaven. I reject arguments about doctrine that cause divisions. The purpose of these articles is to allow intellectual discussion of the ideas presented and not to argue about any specific doctrine.
There is much more that can be said about fate and chance. Gambling addiction is a problem about how fate and chance work for the individual to be lucky or unlucky. When we put all our faith in Jesus Christ and grow in power and love of God and our fellow man, we begin to see how fate and chance are not a part of our life equation. We pray for prosperity instead of gamble.